East German officer checks a car returning to East Berlin, November 1989. Tensions finally reached breaking point and a Workers’ Uprising took place on 17 June 1953, to be quickly and brutally crushed when Soviet tanks rolled in, and some of the worst violence occurred around Potsdamer Platz, where several people were killed by the Volkspolizei. With its 200-metre-long main facade along Stresemannstraße, the Fürstenhof was less opulent than some of the other hotels mentioned, despite its size, but was still popular with business people. By this time it had developed into the busiest traffic center in all of Europe,[1] and the heart of Berlin's nightlife. Nel 1991 il Senato di Berlino lanciò un bando di concorso per la ricostruzione della piazza. Initially known appropriately as the Achteck (Octagon), on 15 September 1814 it was renamed Leipziger Platz after the site of Prussia's final decisive defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Leipzig, 16–19 October 1813, which brought to an end the Wars of Liberation that had been going on since 1806. In the background stands the Beisheim Centre. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Daimler and Sony caused a major surprise on 2 October 2007 when both announced that they were putting their respective complexes at Potsdamer Platz on the market. The heyday of Potsdamer Platz was in the 1920s and 1930s. In spite of the controversy, the rebuilt Potsdamer Platz now attracts around 70,000 visitors a day, rising to 100,000 at weekends, and some critics have been surprised by the success of the new quarter. Se on saanut nimensä Potsdamin kaupungin mukaan.. Ennen toista maailmansotaa Potsdamer Platz oli Berliinin sydän ja eräs koko Euroopan vilkasliikenteisimmistä aukioista. Berlin traffic experts visits colleagues Paris, London and New York. On the western side things did improve later on with the development of the Cultural Forum, whose site roughly equates with the former Millionaires' Quarter. The concert took place at Potsdamer Platz – specifically an area of the former no man's land just to the north of the Reich Chancellery site, and featured many guest superstars. Berlin Wall at Potsdamer Platz, 1975, looking southeast into Stresemannstraße. This, like the Kaisersaal, had to be relocated, but here the room was dismantled into some 500 pieces to be reassembled where it stands now. According to one old guide book, it was never a proper platz, but a five-cornered traffic knot on that old trading route across Europe. [citation needed]) Facing towards West Berlin was the proclamation DER KLUGE BERLINER KAUFT BEI DER H.O. In Stresemannstraße, and paralleling the Potsdamer Bahnhof on its eastern side, was another great magnet for shoppers and tourists alike – a huge multi-national-themed eating establishment: the Haus Vaterland. Several new districts were founded around the city's perimeter, just outside the old fortifications. After major refurbishment, the S-Bahn line and station reopened on 1 March 1992, followed by the U-Bahn on 13 November 1993. Inizialmente i semafori erano controllati manualmente da un poliziotto che sedeva su una piccola torre di controllo al centro della piazza. One of these is Kanada Haus, the new Embassy of Canada, on the platz's north-west diagonal. Among the many beer palaces around Potsdamer Platz were two in particular which contained an extensive range of rooms and halls covering a large area. Nel 1997 venne costruita una copia di questa torre per celebrarne l’anniversario. This traffic had grown to extraordinary levels. December 1924 in an attempt to control the sheer volume of traffic passing through.[4]. By now Berlin was a major centre of innovation in many different fields including architecture. After numerous other improvements, in 1791-3 this section was made into Prussia's first all-weather road. A solitary policeman sat in a small cabin at the top of the tower and switched the lights around manually, until they were automated in 1926. Ulrike Plewina, Horst Mauter, Laszlo F. Foldenyi, Ulrich Pfeiffer, Alfred Kernd'l, Thies Schroder: This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:48. In later years Lenné would completely redesign the Tiergarten, a large wooded park formerly the Royal Hunting Grounds, also give his name to Lennéstraße, a thoroughfare forming part of the southern boundary of the park, very close to Potsdamer Platz, and transform a muddy ditch to the south into one of Berlin's busiest waterways, the Landwehrkanal. In this respect the Potsdam Gate was a dividing line between two different worlds. In origine era la tentacolare cinque piani Berlino Postpalais, e qualcosa dell'ufficio postale 1930 rimane negli ampi corridoi, soffitti alti … Potsdamer Platz Un posto unico. In 1660 the Elector Frederick William made it his route of choice to Potsdam, the location of his palace, which had recently been renovated. Another annual tradition that began in West Berlin (in 1952) and was re-routed into the east via Potsdamer Platz following German reunification is the Weihnachtszug (Christmas train). By this time it had developed into the busiest traffic center in all of Europe, and the heart of Berlin's nightlife. Venne vinto dagli architetti Heinz Himmler e Christoph Sattler di Monaco. Running right through the block into Linkstraße, this new Weinhaus Huth was designed by the architects Conrad Heidenreich (1873–1937) and Paul Michel (1877–1938), and opened on 2 October 1912, and contained a wine restaurant on the ground floor, and wine storage space above, so it had to take a lot of weight. Finally in 1929 all communal traffic companies (Underground, Tram and Buses) were unified into the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (Berlin Transport Services) company. It was a rival plan by gardener and landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenné (1789–1866), drawn up in 1826, that went ahead in 1828 but with modifications. The 1797 scheme came from the renowned Prussian architect Friedrich David Gilly (1772–1800), who proposed a monument to the former Prussian King, Friedrich II. In addition, many bus routes pass through the platz, while for people with their own cars there are some 5,000 parking spaces, 3,500 of which are underground. The Josty company had been founded in 1793 by two Swiss brothers, Johann and Daniel Josty, who had emigrated to Berlin from Sils in Switzerland and set up a bakery from which the café was a 1796 offshoot. It was also very popular with film fans, as it had three cinemas with nearly 30 screens, including an IMAX screen, showing many films in their original versions (especially English-language films), plus a film academy and a film museum. East German officer monitors traffic returning to East Berlin, November 1989. After a brief spell as Budapester Straße in the late 1920s (although this name was not widely recognised), on 6 February 1930 it was renamed, Königgrätzer Straße (southern portion), earlier names Potsdamer Communication and then Hirschelstraße, also running along part of the customs wall's old route, actually leading mainly south east. The tower remained until October 1937, when it was removed to allow for excavations for the new S-Bahn underground line. It was thus given a strong steel skeleton, which would stand the building in very good stead some three decades after its completion. Potsdamer Platz: the Sony Centre and Bahn Tower in 2007. [9] No one really knows how many people died during the uprising itself, or by the subsequent death sentences. Since 1 January 2020, the cinema previously owned by CineStar has been closed (including the IMAX screen). A temporary road, lined with barriers, was created across this zone and checkpoints were set up just inside East German territory. It then went through an odyssey of re-openings, closures and relaunches under a number of different names including Conditorei Friediger, Café Wiener, Engelhardt Brau and Kaffee Potsdamer Platz (sometimes appearing to have two or more names simultaneously), before its eventual destruction in World War II. More than just a building site, Potsdamer Platz was a statement of intent. Partecipa al Tour di Berlino. Senator Robert F. Kennedy (22 February 1962), Prime Minister Harold Wilson of the United Kingdom (6 March 1965), H.M. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (27 May 1965), H.R.H. Known today for its larger than life architecture, ritzy hotels, and bustling shopping areas, this square also has a long and eventful history as an important feature of Germany’s capital. In addition, a railway line once ran through Potsdamer Platz itself. The design also included a new look for Leipziger Platz. Columbushaus was completed and opened in January 1933, the same month that the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) came to power. Lying on this invisible frontier, Potsdamer Platz was no longer an important destination for Berliners. It represented the geographical center of the city, the meeting place of five of its busiest streets in a star-shaped intersection deemed the transport hub of the entire continent. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Even the Reichstag itself, the German Parliament, occupied the former home of the family of composer Felix Mendelssohn (1809–47) in Leipziger Straße before moving in 1894 to the vast new edifice near the Brandenburg Gate, erected by Paul Wallot (1841–1912). Meanwhile, facing the Palast Hotel across the entrance to Leipziger Platz (the Potsdam Gate), was the 400-room Hotel Fürstenhof, by Richard Bielenberg (1871–1929) and Josef Moser (1872–1963), erected in 1906/07, also on the site of an earlier building. Anche il potere politico scelse Potsdamer Platz come suo quartier generale. However, the country folk were permitted to set up trading posts of their own just outside the gates, and the Potsdam Gate especially. 93 m in length and with a dome rising 35 m above the pavement at the north (Stresemannstraße) end, it contained the world's largest restaurant – the 2,500-seat Café Piccadilly, plus a 1,200-seat theatre and numerous offices. Remembering the effective use of propaganda in the leadup to the second World War, the opposing camps later began berating one another with enormous signs displaying loud political slogans, facing each other across the border zone. Since the city authorities would not allow the new line to breach the customs wall, still standing at the time, it had to stop just short, at Potsdamer Platz, but it was this that kick-started the real transformation of the area, into the bustling focal point that Potsdamer Platz would eventually become. It was around this gate that Potsdamer Platz was to develop. Just three years later a second railway terminus opened in the vicinity. Politicians past and present have been accused of short-sightedness in speculating that they would. [original research?]. This deal was finalised in late 2009. The new North-South Axis, the linchpin of the scheme, would have severed their approach tracks, leaving both termini stranded on the wrong side of it. These measures were only partially successful: after further skirmishes in which shots were fired, barbed wire entanglements were stretched across some roads, a foretaste of things to come. After all, it had been planned and built all in one go by Johann Philipp Gerlach. In March 1995 he was dismantled and exhibited in the Lapidarium Berlin-Kreuzberg. [citation needed]. As was the case in most of central Berlin,[6] almost all of the buildings around Potsdamer Platz were turned to rubble by air raids and heavy artillery bombardment during the last years of World War II. An observation platform had been erected, primarily for military personnel and police but used increasingly by members of the public, so that they could gaze over the Wall at the wilderness beyond. For the second time in its history, the Potsdam Gate (or what remained of it), was like a dividing line between two different worlds. Nel 1961 la costruzione del muro di Berlino interruppe la U-Bahn fra Gleisgreieck e Thälmannplatz (oggi Mohrenstraße). La perfetta coniugazione per rendere la vita che avanza comunque in una dimensione accettabile. One design submitted by Wagner himself comprised an array of gleaming new buildings arranged around a vast multi-level system of fly-overs and underpasses, with a huge glass-roofed circular car-park in the middle. The delays in tram traffic increased and the job was very dangerous for the policemen. The visitor has QR code with smartphone free access to panoramic images of the past decades. Attempts to create a market there to draw off some of the frenetic commercial activity in the centre of the city had not been successful. Things were not helped by the very close proximity of Hitler's Reich Chancellery, just one block away in Voßstraße, and many other Nazi government edifices nearby as well, and so Potsdamer Platz was right in a major target area. Also, a very large government presence, with many German imperial departments, Prussian state authorities and their various sub-departments, came into the area, taking over 26 former palaces and aristocratic mansions in Leipziger Platz, Leipziger Straße and Wilhelmstraße. The sign was switched on for the first time on 10 October 1950, watched by a large crowd. Both termini began life as fairly modest affairs, but in order to cope with increasing demands both went on to much bigger and better things in later years, a new Potsdamer Bahnhof, destined to be Berlin's busiest station, opening on 30 August 1872 and a new Anhalter Bahnhof, destined to be the city's biggest and finest, following on 15 June 1880. Tutti gli articoli che appaiono su Berlino Magazine (ex Berlino Cacio e Pepe) sono CC BY-SA 4.0, ovvero possono essere copiati e redistribuiti in ogni media, supporto e formato, anche modificati e a scopi commerciali a patto di citare autore e Berlino Magazine come piattaforma d'origine. Here taxes were levied on goods passing through, chiefly meat and flour. Historische Luftaufnahmen Berlin- Küstrinner Platz Friedrichshain 1930. Since then the lease has been extended to 15 years. However, due to its location on the north–south route to the main station, parallel to the aboveground buildings, it was also connected to the regional traffic with a tunnel station. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Sicuramente Potsdamer Platz vide il suo periodo d’oro nella decade dal 1920 al 1930. Potsademer Platz era diventata il cuore della città di Berlino. Though containing some Egyptian and French neo-Classicist features, the design was basically a huge Greek temple in the Doric style, loosely modelled on the Parthenon in Athens, though raised up on an enormous geometric plinth and flanked by numerous obelisks (the Egyptian element). A lot of more than 720,000 sq ft (67,000 m2)[14] at Potsdamer Platz had been acquired by Daimler-Benz in 1987 as an expression of faith in Berlin; in 1990, adjacent plots were bought by Sony and the ABB Group. As a physical entity, Potsdamer Platz began as a few country roads and rough tracks fanning out from the Potsdam Gate. Across the complex, various artworks from the collection are installed, including pieces by Keith Haring (Untitled (The Boxers)), Mark di Suvero (Galileo), Robert Rauschenberg (The Riding Bikes) and Frank Stella (Prinz Friedrich Arthur von Homburg). Potsdamer Platz mit Columbushaus. And so Schinkel proposed to turn it into a fine garden, although this part of the design was not implemented. A Potsdamer Platz, in particolare, palazzoni vetro e acciaio, modernità, shopping, eppure un’atmosfera per niente caotica. Situato in un ufficio postale del 1930, l'hotel Crowne Plaza® Berlino - Potsdamer Platz è a breve distanza dalla stazione U-Bahn Möckernbrücke.. Gli aeroporti Tegel (TXL) e Schönefeld (SXF) sono a mezz'ora d'auto e la Stazione di Berlino Centrale dista appena 10 minuti. It represented the geographical center of the city, the meeting place of five of its busiest streets in a star-shaped intersecti… Eventually attracting 17 entrants, a winning design was announced in October 1991, that from the Munich-based architectural firm of Hilmer & Sattler. Probabilmente il vecchio Homer non riuscì a vedere la rinascita della sua piazza dopo la caduta del Muro. Der Potsdamer Platz ist ein platzartiger Verkehrsknoten in den Berliner Ortsteilen Mitte und Tiergarten im Bezirk Mitte zwischen der alten Innenstadt im Osten und dem neuen Berliner Westen. Despite several upgrades between December 1923 and July 1924, the nearby Hotel Esplanade's formidable bulk prevented the transmitter from functioning effectively and so in December 1924 it was superseded by a better sited new one, but Vox-Haus lived on as the home of Germany's first radio station, Radiostunde Berlin, founded in 1923, renamed Funkstunde in March 1924, but it moved to a new home in 1931 and closed in 1934. Ma gli anni d’oro di Postdamer Platz erano destinati a finire con l’avvento della Seconda Guerra Mondiale. The traffic lights were delivered by Siemens & Halske and mounted on top of the tower cabin. This development, known as Leipziger Platz 12, is a large complex with facades in three streets (Leipziger Straße, Wilhelmstraße and Vossstraße) as well as Leipziger Platz itself, and when completed will contain 270 stores, 270 apartments, a hotel, a fitness centre and offices. A view from the West Berlin side on the 25th anniversary of the Wall. It did not run in 2009 or 2010 due to equipment problems, but is expected to be operational again in 2011. Workers clearing the square for a new border crossing, November 1989. The other was the Hotel Excelsior, also 600 rooms but superior provision of other facilities made it the largest hotel in Continental Europe, located in Stresemannstraße opposite the Anhalter Bahnhof and connected to it by a 100-metre-long subterranean passageway complete with a parade of underground shops. Uno dei punti nevralgici della nuova Potsdamer Platz è sicuramente il Sony Center, futuristico complesso di edifici realizzato dall’architetto Helmut Jahn. The Berliner Straßenbahn-Betriebs-GmbH started researches to control the traffic on the main streets and places in 1924. This latter station benefitted greatly from the closure of a short-lived third terminus in the area – the Dresdner Bahnhof, located south of the Landwehrkanal, which lasted from 17 June 1875 until 15 October 1882. The pedestal was in the "death strip" after the construction of the wall and was therefore not accessible. Next door, the Herrenhaus, or Prussian House of Lords (the Upper House of the Prussian State Parliament), occupied a former porcelain factory for a while, before moving to an impressive new building erected on the site of the former Mendelssohn family home in 1899–1904 by Friedrich Schulze Colditz (1843–1912). Further demolitions occurred up until 1976 when the Haus Vaterland finally disappeared. standing for Nationalsozialist (National Socialist), i.e. Tra gli altri, anche l’italiano Renzo Piano portò la sua architettura Hi-Tech al centro della piazza, progettando la torre Debis. Sunday Newspaper), the N.S. Potsdamer Platz 1 Berlino-Tiergarten e Potsdamer Platz Particolarmente riuscito è questo palazzo per uffici e commercio, di proprietà della Daimler-Chrysler, che svetta all’angolo… Vai … Nei ricordi di Homer, la piazza era un crocevia in cui si incontravano persone e dove si poteva godere dei divertimenti nei locali che la animavano. In Speer's plan the former Anhalter Bahnhof was earmarked to become a public swimming pool; the intended fate of the Potsdamer Bahnhof has not been documented. The future Potsdamer Platz was most definitely outside Berlin, and therefore not subject to the planning guidelines and constraints that would normally be expected in a city keen to show itself off as the capital of an empire. Consisting of a wooden palisade at first, it was later replaced with a brick and stone wall, pierced by 14 gates (later increased to 18), where roads entered the city. Initially the development was fairly piecemeal, but in 1828 this area just to the west of Potsdamer Platz, sandwiched between the Tiergarten and the north bank of the future Landwehrkanal, received Royal approval for a more orderly and purposeful metamorphosis into a residential colony of the affluent, and gradually filled with houses and villas of a particularly palatial nature. All the new suburbs were absorbed into Berlin around 1709–10. In addition, the former Millionaires' Quarter just to the west of Potsdamer Platz had become a much favoured location for other countries to site their embassies. After Berlin was occupied by the Second World War’s victorious powers, the British, American, and Soviet sectors came together at the ruins of Potsdamer Platz. Café Josty was one of two rival cafés (the other being the Astoria, later Café Eins A), occupying the broad corner between Potsdamer Straße and Bellevuestraße. It also contained a summer garden, winter garden and roof garden, an enormous restaurant and several smaller eating areas, its own laundry, a theater and concert booking office, its own bank, whose strongrooms were underground at the eastern end of the building (and generated their own history decades later), and a large fleet of private delivery vehicles. Since there was not, as yet, a fixed marker, the borders were prone to abuse, which eventually resulted (in August 1948), in white lines in luminous paint appearing across roads and even through ruined buildings to try to deter the Soviets from making unauthorised incursions into the American and British zones. La piazza si trova davanti all’ex Potsdamer Stadttor (Porta della città di Potsdam) e all’ex Berliner Zoll und Akzisemauer (Muro fiscale e doganale di Berlino). SONNTAGSZEITUNG (The Brown Post – N.S. Proprio per la presenza di questo importante edificio, Potsdamer Platz fu martoriata dai bombardamenti dei raid alleati, soprattutto nelle fasi finali della guerra. Half a dozen or more times a day, Potsdamer Platz ground to a halt while a train of 60 to 100 wagons trundled through at walking pace preceded by a railway official ringing a bell. This was up and running by 25 November 1950, less than seven weeks after its western counterpart, albeit for a much shorter time period. In addition, the East Berlin sign was carefully placed so that, when viewed from further away down Leipziger Straße, its display board obscured the West Berlin sign standing beyond it. However, in April 2008 Deutsche Bahn announced that they were seeking to extend the lease on the Bahn Tower by another three years. Many of the total of 14 banquet and beer halls had a Wagnerian theme – indeed, the very name of the complex was taken from the Wagner opera Das Rheingold, the first of the four parts of the cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen, although this name did hark back to the building's planned former role as a concert venue. In 1721-3 a south-westwards expansion of Friedrichstadt was planned under the orders of King Frederick William I, and this was completed in 1732-4 by architect Philipp Gerlach (1679–1748). (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Potsdamer Platz : … The area around Potsdamer Platz had also become a focus for black market trading. The other major sticking point, which is reportedly causing concern at government level, is that the majority of people going to Potsdamer Platz are visitors to the city, implying that the original vision of the development as a linking element attracting Berliners themselves, and Berliners from both sides of the former divide, has not really materialised.

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